The Gartley pattern is considered the root of all Harmonic patterns. It becomes a great idea for analysts to create Harmonic variations such as Butterfly pattern, Bat pattern, Crab pattern…
All of these patterns are highly effective when trading on the financial markets. So in this article, I will guide you how to identify and trade Forex effectively with the Gartley pattern in IQ Option.
What is the Gartley pattern?
The Gartley is the oldest and most popular Harmonic price pattern. It is shaped like the letter M (Bullish Gartley) or W (Bearish Gartley) on the chart.
It consists of 5 points on the chart. These points are marked with the letters X, A, B, C and D.
The Gartley starts with point X and it makes successive oscillations XA, AB, BC and CD until point D is completed.
How to identify the Gartley pattern on the chart
The Gartley pattern is like any other Harmonic pattern. Each segment in the pattern must correspond to specific Fibonacci levels as follows:
XA: The XA range can be any price action on the chart. There are no specific requirements regarding the movement of the XA segment.
AB: The AB amplitude should be 61.8% of the XA amplitude.
BC: BC’s move is in the opposite direction to AB. It ends at the 0.382 or 0.886 Fibonacci level of segment AB.
CD: The movement of CD is in the opposite direction to BC. Later:
- If BC amplitude is equal to 38.2% of AB amplitude, then CD amplitude will be equal to 127.2% of BC amplitude.
- If BC amplitude is equal to 88.6% of AB amplitude, then CD amplitude will be equal to 161.8% of BC amplitude.
AD: Final rule of the Gartley. When the CD’s move is complete, you should measure the AD segment amplitude. A valid Gartley pattern on the chart would give an AD margin equal to 78.6% of the XA amplitude.
Bullish Gartley pattern
The Bullish Gartley pattern starts with a bullish XA span, then followed by a bearish AB span, a bullish BC span, and finally a bearish CD span.
With this move plus the proportions corresponding to the Fibonacci levels according to the above rule, then the market will have an uptrend from point D. The profit target of the Bullish Gartley is an extension to point E.
Bearish Gartley pattern
The Bearish Gartley pattern is completely similar to the Bullish Gartley but reversed. The Bearish Gartley starts with a bearish XA span, then followed by a bullish AB span, a bearish BC span and finally a bullish CD span.
With this move plus the proportions corresponding to the Fibonacci levels according to the above rule, then the market will have a downtrend from point D. The profit target of Bearish Gartley is an extension to point E.
How to trade Forex with Gartley pattern
To enter a trade with the Gartley pattern, you first need to determine its accuracy according to the principles described above. For easy tracking, you should mark the important points X, A, B, C, D on your chart. Then check the markers with the Fibonacci tool to make sure the pattern is correct.
Enter a BUY order at point D if the pattern is Bullish Gartley. Stop loss is placed below point D depending on the risk acceptance of each person. And take profit will be point E which is the 161.8% extension of AD.
Enter a SELL order at point D if the pattern is Bearish Gartley. Stop loss is placed above point D to suit the order. A reasonable take profit point would be point E on the picture.
The Gartley pattern appears quite often in the financial markets. Most of them are highly profitable for traders. It is important that your identification ability is good, fast and accurate. To do that, the most important thing to do is practice and practice a lot on the Demo account.
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